|Analysis methods||Availability||Number of genes||Test code||Retail Price|
|PCR||3 – 4 weeks||GHC 043||£ TBA|
SHuman papillomaviruses, which are the main cause of cervical carcinoma (cervical
cancer, cervix cancer), are classified as non-enveloped DNA viruses. More than 100 types
of HPV are currently known.
HPV or Human Papillomavirus (Human Papillomavirus) is considered the major cause of cervical cancer (cervical cancer). Cervical cancer is caused by certain types of papillomavirus (HPV) and can exist in both non-malignant and malignant tumours.
HPV infection is clearly associated with sexual intercourse. Transmission of HPV infection is most frequent at the age of 18-25 years depending on the number of sexual partners.
With increasing age, the statistical probability of transmission of infection decreases due to a more stable sexual life (ideally one faithful partner). However, cervical cancer is caused by the long-term presence of HPV in the supportive mucosa of the suppository (especially cancer-type types known as HPV16 and HPV18). This means that the virus can be infected, for example, at the age of 25, and the illness will manifest itself after 4-10 (but much more) years.
Mostly, HPV is infected with sexually active women (but also males) aged 20-25 years. More often, the infection occurs in women who have started sexual activity earlier and have more partners. With increasing age, the likelihood of infection decreases, but the clinical severity of persistent infection increases in women aged 30-35 years.
The examination is appropriate if:
You are sexually active and want to prevent risks
There are clinical manifestations of cervical cancer
You want to avoid potential risks of late detection
Who is the test suitable for?
The test is useful as a preventive test even in clinical manifestations associated with HPV.
Who can this test reveal?
International studies have shown that the prevalence of HPV in women with cervical carcinoma is 99.7%. HPV annually infects about 6 million people. The relative risk of developing cervical cancer in women with positive HPV findings is 20-70%.
How does the test work?
Genetic examination is performed from your DNA, which can be obtained by swabbing from the oral cavity (buccal wiping of the inside of your mouth cheek - DNA isolation from oral mucosal cells). You can take the sample yourself in the comfort of your home and send it to our lab, or have your collection taken by your GP.
How is the test done?
You can order the test from attending your Doctor/GP, private clinic or online at ghcgenetics. co.uk. Once you have signed the informed consent form, either a swab of your mouth will be taken or a blood sample will be collected. Once the genetic analysis is finished, you or your Doctor/GP will receive a report with the results and based on these he/she will recommend suitable preventive measures.